After 2 years of hiatus, we are back to hosting the Holiday Foster Dinner!  It is on Friday, December 2, 2022 -- from 5:30pm to 7:30pm, in partnership with North Olympic Foster Parents Association. Read on to learn about the Dinner, and what you can do to support what has become a wonderful Christmas tradition for so many. DCC Adults Pastor, Lance Lewis, will be this year's MC, with the support of DCC Family Ministries Pastor, Britt Hemphill, who has done much to help us organize the event and secure funds.

A Longstanding Community Event

Since 2013, DCC has provided a location and support for North Olympic Foster Parents Association to host their annual Holiday dinner for interested foster families in Sequim, Port Angeles, Forks and other communities in the region.This event began as a thank you for foster parents who provide love and a home for the many deserving children.

We will have a traditional turkey dinner, with all the fixing, including a chocolate fountain for dessert,which is being provided by a volunteer. Emma Gockerell is providing face painting for all the children! Sunbonnet Sue’s quilting group sews a special Christmas stocking for every single foster child, which are filled by Sequim Community Church. 

Meeting the Ongoing Needs

This is not a Christian event per-say. But by the role we play, the kindnesses we show, we pray good things will come from this outreach.This year we are adding a clothing drive to help keep NFOPA’s clothing closet for foster kids adequately funded. In addition to what is offered through this event, the Food Bank often provides a box of extra food for foster families. 

What We Need

  1. First, we covet your prayers, that foster families will be able to come to this years dinner. In our region, there are close to 200 students in the foster care system, which is more than in pre-covid years.  It’s difficult for families to come long distances for this dinner.  We need ongoing prayers for some of the children who still need families, along receptive and loving hearts to help these kids heal from past trauma in their lives. 

  2. Secondly, we need monetary donations:  DCC has generously offered to help NFOPA put on this dinner this year– however if you would like to help provide additional financial assistance it would be much appreciated. For example: Money can be used to purchase gift cards for teenswho desire to pick clothing items out for themselves. 

  3. We need Elves in the flesh!  We are recruiting “Elves” to sign up to help make this event a success!  Elves help with setting up the auditorium-with tables, chairs, decorating, making centerpieces, setting tables, serving families, and after the dinner helping with clean up, and putting tables away, etc.  If you’d still like to help and haven’t signed up, contact Jacque Schaafsma. 

  4. Also, in the Church foyer, are tags and a red collection basket for our underwear drive to help out NFOPA’s clothing closet.  Often it is the case that Children don’t have clothing or personal things when they are moved. The Clothing Closet helps provide a family with items to help kids right away.   If you’d like to help with this, we are asking for new underwear for children (size 2-14), both boys and girls.  Please bring back any donation to the red basket in the foyer by November 13th so we can offer these items before the dinner. 

Thank you For Your Support!

Thanks again for volunteering and learning about this outreach ministry!  The needs of foster kids and families are huge and underserved; we are grateful for this opportunity.  Participating really puts you in the Christmas spirit and brings joy to foster children and their families!   

In appreciation - Jacque Schaafsma 


If you would like to help with this event please contact Jacque Schaafsma or contact the church office

Click Here to Donate

Dear Church Family,

You’ve seen the news so you know the devastation in many areas of Florida as a result of Hurricane Ian has been catastrophic. If you were in our service this past Sunday you heard the announcement about a special project the Elders have approved to assist Ocean Church in Naples, Florida with their disaster relief efforts. Thanks to Brian & Molly Omann, we have a connection with Ocean Church and they are doing a fantastic job of ministering to the needs of their community. We would like to help them. 
For the next two weeks we are asking you to pray about how the Lord might direct you to give toward this need. On November 1 we plan to collect all the funds pledged to this project and send them to Ocean Church. You can contribute online by using the link below or, if giving by check, be sure to indicated “Hurricane Relief” on the memo line. We would like all gifts for this project to be received by the office no later than Thursday, October 27.
Last Sunday we showed a brief interview with Pastor Phil McMillan from Ocean Church. Phil & I also had a longer conversation about what is happening in their community. That more in-depth interview is now posted and I would encourage you to take a few minutes to listen. 
Thanks for your consideration,
Pastor Tim
Dear Church Family,
A lot has been transpiring these past few weeks regarding our children and youth ministries. Please take a few minutes to watch the video linked below.
Please pray with us as we seek to follow God’s lead and seize the new opportunities He is placing before us.
In Him
Pastor Tim

Young Life in Sequim!

We are excited to announce that the DCC & Dungeness Youth partnership with Young Life has begun! DCC Youth Group are no longer be meeting on Tuesdays, which allows our kids and leaders to join their respective Young Life or WyldLife groups.

Young Life // High School
Mondays @ 7:11pm - 787 Kendall Rd. 

WyldLife // Middle School

Contacting Young Life

Feel free to contact YL Sequim Area Leader Alex Lamb (360-912-5643) or Pastor Britt if you have questions or need more info. 

"Inviting Young People to experience life as God designed it to be lived "
- Young Life // Olympic Peninsula

202200622 ChristianCyclingSequimSequim is a home and destination for a wide variety of cyclists — from the weekend hobbyist to race and/or expedition minded enthusiasts. Recently a chapter of ChrstianCycling has opened up in the area! Read on to learn more about this ministry and cycling in Sequim. 

Sequim Offers a Perfect Location for Cyclists

The Reason Sequim has welcomed so many cyclists has to do with its relatively dry climate, along its diversity in cycling opportunities. A big draw for the community is the Olympic Discovery Trail, which offers 130 miles of paved riding, with views of the Olympic Mountains, the Straight of Juan de Fuca and the many farms, streams and forests along the trail. Beyond the Olympic Discovery trail, are the relatively flat roads of the Dungeness River Valley, and the backcountry logging roads, which offer picturesque landscapes for. 

ChristianCycling in Sequim Washington

ChristianCycling is an international ministry that exists "to share Christ and celebrate cycling through riding, service and fellowship. Bryan Nelson is the current Director of ChristianCycling in Washington State. Being a resident of Sequim, and member of Dungeness Community Church, he has naturally created a local “Spoke,” which is benefiting the local community. 

A Word from the Washington State ChristianCycling Director - Bryan Nelson

“I have been associated with (formerly InternatIonal Christian Cycling Club) for over 35 years as a Category 3 racer with USA Cycling (formerly USCF-US Cycling Federation) racing both locally and nationally mostly in California and Washington and Utah. I just recently became involved as Director of WA state for ChristianCycling.

The Sequim Spoke's primary focus is to be an outreach to the state, sharing the Gospel, and serving cyclists, their families and friends who may never, otherwise, put their foot through the door of a local church. Secondary mission is to be a discipling ministry through fellowship with other Christians.

All of our bike donations we receive are repaired and donated to the homeless, or financially strapped families / individuals. All money donations go to our general fund which is used to buy bicycle parts or put on cycling events.”

 - Bryan Nelson - Director of ChristianCycling Washington State

Click to Learn more about ChristianCycling

Building Local Awareness of ChristianCycling

The Sequim Spoke of ChristianCycling is looking forward to just become more visible in the cycling community by pitching our canopy at certain organized riding events already on the calendar such as Tour de Lavender (Aug 6) and Hurricane Ridge ride (Aug 7).  There are many large cycling clubs on the Peninsula that we ride with to advance the message of the Gospel.  We also organize a local monthly or semi-monthly Saturday ride.

Interested in other ways to get out and enjoy the Peninsula?
Click for a List of Hiking Trails on the Olympic Peninsula

Bike TuneUp Project

Bikes, like cars, need tuneups. More often than not folks let their bikes go a long ways before getting a proper tuneup. One of the ways we build relationships and provide value is to offer complimentary tuneups throughout the year. 

We offer tuneups downtown at Sequim City Hall on Thursdays, and are beginning to offer tuneups in surrounding communities. Early this Summer we did a tuneup/repair event at DCC. We are planning to follow this up up with another Sequim tuneup event in August or September.

Join Us on The Trail!

If you are interested in going on a ride, making a donation or getting further involved with ChristianCycling, call the church office during business hours, or send us a message.

Team Living Water Olympic Discovery Marathon 2022 Dungeness Community Church

Team Living Water raised over $15,000 during the 2022 North Olympic Discovery Marathon. 26 participants ran or walked the various events which included a 5k,10k, marathon, full marathon relay, half marathon and kids race.

Team captain, Martin Murray, said the proceeds were enough to provide a brand new well to a village in Guatemala, along with rehabilitating an existing well somewhere else in the world. “We had a great time. It was a lot of fun. Seemed like people enjoyed it.” Said Martin.

Click to Learn about wells that DCC has helped build in Guatemala.

Goals of Team Living Water

Martin Murray explained that Team Living Water maintains three goals:

1. Raise awareness of world water crisis and let folks know what Living Water International is doing about it.

2. Raise funds to build well somewhere.

3. Create community and have fun doing that Martin feels they did well to accomplish all three goals.

20220612 Team Living Water 2

Fun, Fellowship, and Running on The Olympic Discovery Trail 

Julie Hill and Jordan Griebner arrived in Sequim on Friday afternoon. They joined us on Saturday evening giving a short presentation to over 30 participants and their for a dinner and short presentation.  The Saturday night event was attended by 30 folks.

Sunday at 4:30am it was raining hard, but it stopped for the beginning of the race at 7:30am.  Our relay team completed the full marathon and crossed the line together.  It was a great site. Other participants completed the ½ marathon. Thankfully the rain held off until our relay team had finished the race.  Then came the wind and rain!

During the day Team Living Water had a booth set up at the finish line, for folks stopped to inquire about Living Water International. It was a great opportunity to raise awareness and share what we are all about. Contact Martin Murray If you are interested in participating next year.

20220612 Team Living Water 5A Letter From Julie & Jordan of Living Water International

"Thank you so much to Martin and the team at DCC for your incredible efforts this past weekend in the North Olympic Discovery Marathon! It was a joy and honor to join together with all of you to provide water, for life, in Jesus’ name and even more fun to watch you exceed your fundraising goal! Thank you for choosing to endure for the thirsty and for all the hard work that went into making this event a success. I witnessed people stepping in to help out all weekend and it was clear this was truly a team effort! You are all a blessing to Living Water and are already looking forward to next year!"
- Jordan Griebner - Living Water International - Director of Trips & Affinity Groups
"I (and on behalf of Living Water) am so grateful for DCC and each race participant, each person who made a gift, every volunteer and advocate. Each person, gift and step ran/walked matters for the thirsty; sharing in this work and community together is a true gift. Praise God!"
- Julie Hill - Living Water International - Director of Philanthropy, West 
20220612 Team Living Water 8

Each year, the Community Engagement Team (CET) at Dungeness Community Church selects a number of local organizations to work with. In addition to supporting these local organizations, we partner to support LIving Water International. Below is one of our recipients for the 2021 Advent Season. 

Click to learn more about the 2021 Advent Conspiracy Recipients



Well, we are here at the Sequim Police Station with deputy chief, Mike Hill. As I understand it Mike your job is to enforce the law keep the peace and and help people in trouble.


That is correct. Is that right? Yep. 


I understand from others that in the old days, the officers had to dig in their own Pockets to help out people. And now we have a human services fund. So tell us about it and, the history, and maybe some incidents that we might have been able to help 


Sure the Human Services fun began in April of 2016 through donations from Citizens of Sequim Cares and faith-based organizations. Basically when people have an emergency need, we can provide vouchers for food, transportation, and hygiene. In some cases where Emergency Shelters needed we can get a hotel room for a night or two. 

Annually. We see about a hundred people that we give disbursements to, and that's individuals and families at large and it kind of depends on the need. Sometimes transportation is a greater need and we'll give out bus passes on Clallam or Jefferson Transit other times people need fuel for the vehicles and we have fuel vouchers usually 10 to 20 dollars to get them to their next place that they need to get to. Other times food is a greater need so we have vouchers from Safeway where people can take it in there and get food for themselves or their family. The housing situations are always a little more delicate. We've had some some Winters — the snowmageddons that we've heard of so much — and there's people that don't have shelter and we've managed to get them a room for a couple of nights until we can connect them with other longer-term services like Serenity House. 

Sometimes we see victims of domestic violence and they no longer have a safe place to stay. So while they're in transition to find a different place. We've provided some stays in hotel rooms for them as well.


We are so glad to be able to help you in that regard. We certainly appreciate what you've done and are doing on a daily basis to keep our community safe and those that need help have been provided for so, thank you Mike for What you do every day. 


We appreciate you guys, appreciate the very generous donation we got recently. I think to date we've Assisted about 700 people since 2016 and that ranges from anywhere from $1,000 a year to near $4,000 a year depending on the need. So what you provided is definitely gonna go back in the community to help a lot of people who need it. 

Jennifer Frymyer hosts the Spring 2022 DCC Pastors Panel. The pastors of DCC meet to discuss the current affairs and future plans of their ministries. Lance Lewis has recently joined the team as Adult Ministries Pastor. He shares what the transition to Sequim has been like, and what his hopes are for 2022. Britt Hemphill, our Pastor of Family Ministries, talks about what's been going on in the children and youth programs, that he oversees. Pastor Tim shares his thoughts on how DCC has handled the last couple years, and how we are doing entering 2022. He also shares his thankfulnes to be able to take his upcoming Sabbatical. You may read a letter from Pastor Tim to the congregation below the video. 

A Message From Pastor Tim 

Dear Church Family,
As many of you know, DCC has long had a program in place to give pastors a Sabbatical break every seventh year of service. This is simply a bit more extended time away for rest and study. It is an incredible gift and one I know all of us pastor deeply appreciate. Amazingly this is my seventh year as Lead Pastor here at DCC. Hard to believe how the time has flown by! The Elders and staff have given Branette & I the green light to take some time away and we are excited for the opportunity. 
A few days ago Pastor Lance, Pastor Britt and myself sat down with Jennifer Frymyer to record a discussion about DCC ministry plans while I am away.  I hope you’ll take a few minutes to check out the video linked below. 
This Sunday I’ll be talking about the whole concept of rest in the life of a Christian. I suspect many of us struggle to make a rest regular, healthy part of our walk with Jesus. I’m looking forward to thinking about this important topic with all of you. 
Hope to see you Sunday!
In Him,
Pastor Tim

Grand Ridge

Do the mountains beckon you? With 1000 miles of trail here on the Olympic Peninsula there are many adventures available.

The virtue of the Olympic Peninsula is the variety it offers. We have high mountains, lush forests and wild ocean beaches. The highest mountain, Mount Olympus is under 8000 feet so there is no shortage of oxygen. Most of the trails are dirt pathways so travel is more comfortable than rocky terrains.

We have no threatening wildlife. If respect is shown no animals will threaten you. And there are no poisonous snakes. The worst pests are mosquitoes and deer flies. These are pesky but not dangerous.

An interesting observation I have made is fellow hikers are very friendly once you get beyond a few miles from the nearest road. Distance seems to sort out people.

Distance also gives solitude. I have spent many enjoyable hours hiking. After a week of quiet solitude, the kinks of life seem to straighten out and life become much easier to deal with. God speaks to me more clearly when the world is less demanding. Many of my most happy memories have come from sitting on a log or rock listening to a distant waterfall or enjoying the peace in a mountain meadow. May you find similar rewards in your travels. As John Muir once said, “The mountains are calling and I must go.”

In December 2021, Dungenesss Community Church came together and donated a substantial amount to local and global charities through their Advent Conspiracy initiative. We have been a long term partner with Living Water International. This years gift was a record amount. Watch this video from Julie Hill  of LWI and read her update letter about where these funds are going in the world, to help spread Living Waters to those in need.

A Letter from Julie Hill of Living Water International

Friends at Dungeness, you have supported Living Water International for well over a decade now! And you have learned a lot about what safe water means for communities, for lives, for hope. 

You have seen happy children gathered around a completed well, splashing free flowing water. You have seen the pictures of the new water committees, proud local leaders with heads held high. Finally, they have been trained and empowered to manage and maintain their new water sources. You understand the link between clean water and important lessons of handwashing, latrine construction and usage. You know that the gospel can really take root and small churches can grow when their pastor has been empowered to meet physical needs so that the people believe when he tells them that this clean water is The Living Water. They really will never thirst again (John 4). 

You have heard and known and today I want to share a new story with you. We know that water changes everything, water affects everything. Lack of water affects everything. 

The depths of suffering without safe water are many and complex. To that end, I want to tell you the story about the Namoni Health Center, in our WASH (Water Access Sanitation Hygiene) Program Area (WPA) in Uganda. Namoni is a peninsula extended from Lake Victoria by a long stretch of road and roadside homes. Living Water Uganda began its work in this area in 2019. 

We recently brought five candidates before the congregation to be affirmed as new elders. All 5 of the nominated candidates were affirmed. Ric Yorke, Brian Omann, Phil Langston, Bob Torres and Forrest Miller officially joined the board this week. Please join us in welcoming these new elders!20220317 Elders small

Click to learn more about our elders

For a number of years, Dungeness Community Church has partnered with Living Water International to connect the world with life giving water. Martin Murray has been a key figure in this relationship. Martin is in the process of assembling a team to participate in the North Olympic Discovery Marathon to be held on June 4 & 5, 2022.  

All Ages & Skill Levels Welcome

Team members can run or walk the full marathon, the half marathon, a 10K or a 5K event. This can be an individual, a relay team or it can be done "virtually" at any time in 2022.  It is preferred, however, that we do the race live rather than a virtual event. Team Living Water at the North Olympic Discovery Marathon in 2018

The kids' race is Saturday, June 4. The adult events are on Sunday, June 5. The full marathon starts East of Sequim at the Seven Cedars Casino in Blyn. It ends at the pier in downtown Port Angeles. 

Click for more details of these events.

To join Team Living Water, contact Martin Murray or contact the church office at Dungeness Community Church.  

Purpose of the Team

The purpose of Team Living Water is to:

  1. Raise awareness of the world water crisis and what LWI is doing about it
  2. Raise funds for water projects
  3. Create community and have fun in the process.

Each year, the Community Engagement Team (CET) at Dungeness Community Church selects a number of local organizations to work with. In addition to supporting these local organizations, we partner to support LIving Water International. Below is one of our recipients for the 2021 Advent Season. 

Click to learn more about the 2021 Advent Conspiracy Recipients


Hi, my name is Sarah Nichols. And I'm the executive director of the Dungeness Valley Health and Wellness Clinic better known as The Sequim free clinic. The clinic, the board of directors, the volunteers we would all like to thank you for your Advent Conspiracy donation.  

Sequim Free Clinic Providing Healthcare

The Sequim Free Clinic is in its 21st year. We are open Mondays and Thursdays starting at 4:30 for walk-in patients to treat anything from a head cold to sprained. Ankle. If you need to see a doctor, are uninsured, underinsured, even if you're just new to the area and you're having a hard time finding a provider we can see you. There is no charge for our services. If you have a chronic disease that needs to be followed we can do that with our chronic healthcare clinics.

Volunteer Operated

All of our providers for our evening clinics our volunteers all of our staffs that run the clinics are volunteers. We have over 75 professional and non-professional volunteer staff. We also have our Working On Wellness program (WOW) program, which provides monthly forums. Because of covid we are doing them on KSQM on the second Wednesday of each month. You can find out all the information on our website at 


Each year, the Community Engagement Team (CET) at Dungeness Community Church selects a number of local organizations to work with. In addition to supporting these local organizations, we partner to support LIving Water International. Below is one of our recipients for the 2021 Advent Season. 

Click to learn more about the 2021 Advent Conspiracy Recipients

Volunteer Hospice of Clallam County

Volunteer Hospice of Clallam county is a 43 year old organization providing hospice and palliative care services to the community. We cover the area from Joyce, WA all the way to Diamond Point. The nurses of Volunteer Hospice guide patients and their support group through the end-of-life journey. The nursing staff works with patients and their families to set goals and manage symptoms throughout the hospice service. They offer respite care, grief support and a loaning service for medical equipment. 


Pallitatve Care

Palliative care is for people who have a need for nursing services in their homes without having to go to the hospital. It could be a long-term illness. It could be a person who is starting to require Hospital services, but it's not quite there yet. People tend to think Hospice is a place we come to die. This is actually not true, hospice is a place that helps you live until the very last moment of your life. Hospice provides emotional & physical support, along with pain management and psychosocial support, to help you live longer and have better quality of life near the end.

Community Programs & Events

Volunteer Hospice also offers a variety of programs to the community. We have a lending closet with medical equipment available to borrow for anyone with a need. We also have an extensive grief and bereavement program. We offer individual counseling we offer grief support groups and practical workshops on how to live alone after your loved one has died, and

We recently started a new program called Soul Care. Soul Care is a series of speakers coming to our community to help us understand and accept end of life sort of educational series. And along with the speaker series, we are starting to offer monthly informal discussions Called Death Café and those will be at the parental as Senior Center. This is a way to educate oneself about end of life death, dying grief, and bereavement.

Learn More About Volunteer Hospice

If you would like more information, but we also can look us up online at and you can always call us at 360-452-1511. Or visit VHOCC at 829 East 8th Street in Port Angeles, at the corner of 8th and race.

On week 2 of our Series "Unexpected: When God Changess Our Plans," Pastor Tim asked DCC Elder George Crabb to share how we can see Jesus in the Life of Joseph. Watch and read George's insights into how the life of Joseph shows us a picture of Jesus.  

Why did God do This?

Because God purposefully wanted us to see His plan through the life of Joseph who was a portrait of the greater than Joseph, God the Son, Jesus. 

The Love & Respect Series is starting at 9am on February 6th in the Chapel at Dungeness Community Church in Sequim.  Feel free to stop in at any point in the series, and stick around afterward for our Sunday Morning Service at 10am. Workbooks will be provided free of charge, so please click here to register.

Created by Dr. Emerson Eggerichs, Love & Respect focuses on insights and advice to help couples solve conflict biblically and refresh their marriage relationship. If you are married, or plan on getting married, please join this powerful series. Below are two married couples talking about how the Love & Respect Series changed their marriage. 

Dungeness Community Church has unlimited access to RightNow Media. Think of it as a church friendly version of Amazon Prime or Netflix, that you can access from your television at home, or mobile device when on the go.

Content For The Whole Family

Parents love having safe access to movies, bible studies and kids programs for their children. Adults love having access to the world’s largest streaming library of video Bible study resources (it’s been called the “Netflix of video Bible studies”).

This extensive library has more than 20,000 videos from leaders like Francis Chan, Jennie Allen, Matt Chandler, Dr. Tony Evans, and many more. These Bible study videos can be used as part of a group study or for personal devotions, and many series include free discussion guides and handouts.

Contact the church office or text "DCCHURCH" to 49775 to get started. Click here for contact info

A Wide Range of Subjects

Our church believes that RightNow Media is a tool that can help you live out your faith in every area of your life—at home, at work, and in your community. In addition to series on books of the Bible, RightNow Media has videos for everyone in your family on a variety of topics like marriage, parenting, personal finances, mental health, and more. There’s even a library just for kids with over 2,000 safe, entertaining videos.

RightNow Media has a free app that’s available on all major streaming devices so you and your family can access content anywhere, anytime.

Sign Up Today

To get started, simply contact the church office or text "DCCHURCH" to 49775. You will receive a link to create your free account, and start browsing more than 20,000 inspiring videos. We pray that RightNow Media will be a blessing to you and your family.

Advent Conspiracy 2021 Totals

Our final totals have come in for DCC's Advent Conspiracy Initiative in 2021.

Our five local community groups (who are featured farther down in this article) received a total of $25,000. Living Water International received $50,000, which will go toward at least three known wells. In additon, a donor in Texas asked Living Water International to match their own giving with a church and DCC was selected. So an addiional so $40,000 will go toward building wells. So that's $75,000 plus $40,000 which equals a total of $115,000 for Advent Conspiracy this year. Isn't that amazing!

Psalm 115:1 says "Not to us, O LORD, not to us, but to your name give glory,  for the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!" 

Thank you to each one of you that were participants. We ask God to go ahead and mobilize these acts of faithfulnees for His glory. Amen 

The following is a list of our global and local community partners for Advent Conspiracy 2021.

Living Water International & Dungeness Community Church

Living Water International & Dungeness Commnity Church have teamed up to help the people of Parcelamiento El Socorro in Guatemala. The following is a report provided by Living Water International. 

Click here to Donate to Living Water Internation for this years Advent Conspiracy

About The Community

DCC 21 Guat pumping clean water

The 350 residents of Parcelamiento El Socorro suffered from the water crisis every day. They relied upon hand-dug wells and the local river for all of their needs. Because most of the men in the community worked during the day, the women and children were the ones primarily responsible for collecting the households' water and using it for chores. The fact that they were constantly worried about the amount of water available made their chores all the more burdensome. The water levels in both the wells and the river dwindled. Sometimes there was not enough.

The community members conserved as much water as they could for drinking and cooking. Sometimes, this meant foregoing hygiene and other household uses. Still, even after rationing their water strictly, they were often overcome with thirst. The thirst was not the residents' only concern, however. Because the water in the springs and river were exposed to the elements, it was full of surface contagions. After drinking or using the water, community members often suffered from water-related illnesses. The water also contained pesticides that had insidious, long- term effects on the community members' bodies. The only way to avoid these maladies was to avoid the water that was essential to life. It was a tragic dilemma. The community members knew that something needed to change.